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:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2015) ::
3 2015, 2(3): 29-35 Back to browse issues page
Some common Cichlid disease and treatments
H Manouchehri
Abstract:   (10943 Views)

The aim of this study was introducing the common diseases and their treatments in Cichlids.
Carefully purchasing, performing quarantine, optimum water quality preserving, feeding on
balanced diet and preventing for stresses can help against diseases. Seven kinds of diseases were
introduced according to cichlids behaviors. Ichthyophthirius multifili causes White Spot Disease
among cichlids. Slimy skin or Blue Slime disease is overproduction of mucus by the fish, resulting
in a bluish, slimy haze that gradually increases in area to eventually cover the fish body and fines.
Several ciliated or flagellated protozoa belonging to the genera Ichthyobodo (formerly costia),
Chilodonella, trichodina, and others could be affected mentioned fish. Next disease is Body fungus,
or cotton wool disease. This disease is frequently encountered in cichlids because their
aggressiveness often results in lots scales, wounds, and torn fins. The cause of fin rot can be
bacterial, Gram-negative bacteria, mainly of the genus Flexibacer. The other common parasite
disease of cichlids is Hexamitosis. Some species such as discus and angelfish appear particularly
susceptible. Other disease is Malawi Bloat. This condition mainly affects planktivorous and
aufwuchs-feeding cichlids from lakes Tanganyika and Malawi. The other famous cichlids disease is
Holeinthehead or Head and Lateral line erosion (HLLE). This highly disfiguring malady begins as a
series of small pits, usually near the eyes. The other common parasite of Cichlids is Nematods
(Threadworms and Roundworms). Intestinal worms, particularly threadworms of the genus
Capillaria are the cause of this disease. New world cichlids, particularly discus, eartheaters and
angelfish, are the most commonly affected.

Keywords: Cichlids, white spot, Slimy skin, fin rote, Malawi bloat, Hexamita, Holeinthehead, Nematods.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/19 | Accepted: 2015/12/19 | Published: 2015/12/19
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Manouchehri H. Some common Cichlid disease and treatments. 3. 2015; 2 (3) :29-35
URL: http://ornamentalaquatics.ir/article-1-57-en.html

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Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی-ترویجی آبزیان زینتی Journal of Ornamental Aquatics
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